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Bodrum

Bodrum Area Guide

BODRUM

The nightlife in Bodrum starts with the soothing wing sounds of the gulls that fly back to the castle to spend the night over and the sounds of engines of the boats that return to the harbor. Unfortunately, watching the sunset whilst drinking cocktail is no longer possible in southern vicinities of Bodrum because of the unavailability of the shores, it is still a tradition in especially Turgutreis district. Probably the people living in Bodrum are luckier. Maybe they miss the sunset for this reason but they get to enjoy the shadows of white houses and the hills surrounding the city along with the golden-flickerings of sunshine reflected off the Castle with the lights of the Castle on. In Bodrum, with the excessive energy of iodine, the nights become days, and the days become nights.

Marina is one of the spots that have this kind of a beauty; the others are the bars and the cafes in front of the harbor. The best viewing location however is the amphitheater located on the hill. The special ambiance of the amphitheater in Bodrum gives the best option to watch Bodrum, the harbor, the Castle and the Agean shores laid before you to the horizon.

As you slowly descend from the amphitheatre, you enter a calm zone, where the children play their games and the people enjoy their teas, beers or rakıs after a day of work, sitting in their gardens or stairs. At this hour in all the alleys of Bodrum, the visitor head to the shores. Before the meal, traditionally a glass of rakı (lion milk), beer, an exotic cocktail is sup in a bar. Here the meals can take hours to finish away from all the concerns of life. In the restaurants of Bodrum you can enjoy a large variety of meals including the traditional Turkish foods and western food. The supper usually commences with rakı next to its special salads, and then continues with the meal tofinish up with a delicious dessert or fruit plate. After each of the meals the rakı is sup.

After the meal, Bodrum is awake until the dawn. Most of the shops and the boutiques are open till the midnight. In most locations shopping in the dark is an event, because now with the soothing effects of the drinks and away from the hotness of the day, everbody tries to take advantage of the last hours of the day waiting for a bargain before the shops are closed.

The number of bars in Bodrum is unmatched even it the whole country. Here, all kinds of drinks are served to meet every other flavors of each taste. The cozy cafés in seaside, the aliveness of the walls of the Castles, the bars in the crowded alleys and in here the music sings to the souls. Even in some of the clubs Turkish Folk Music and Jazz is played live. In some Trukish nights of the hotels of tavernas belly dancers perform with live “saz” and “zurna”, traditional Trukish instruments.

The most popular activity after the performances in the night is to walk around to see and to be recognized. Without any intentional motive in mind, the streets are wandered and a nice Turkish coffee is sup for energy.

In Bodrum’s beautiful climate, the wonderful time spent during the day, continues on in the night. The restaurants in the seaside are open all night. Going on boat-trips or even swimming in the moonlight in a one of a kind experience. As the lights of Bodrum fade away, Turkish skies take on a very unique hue that cannot be seen on western industrial civilizations. This magical view can be best seen on a boat anchored in Karaaba next to a hot water source. Here along with a few candles and friends, the caves can be discovered whilst in water up to your chest. The ones that still have energy can dance until the sun is up in Bodrum discos and night clubs. In Bodrum, all the night clubs are open-air and near the seaside. After a night full of activities, most of the Turks prefer a cup of soup before the go to bed. They believe this prevents a possible hangover the next day. However, during this time, there still are some places around to eat.

A new day starts with a nice prayer heard from the mosques. Although another one of Bodrum’s day and night…

Source: http://www.bodrum.bel.tr

History of Bodrum

HALICARNASSOS (HALICARNASSUS/BODRUM):
Halicarnassos, the city of the Leleg and Kar peoples who are thought to be among the first inhabitants of Anatolia and who fought against the Greeks in the Trojan war, is the Bodrum of today. Although the Kar considered the mainland of Anatolia their homeland, it is thought that they were a seafaring people who migrated here from Greece.

The father of history Herodotus, a native of Bodrum, estimated that the history of his birthplace dated to the first millenium BC. However, findings at the Peynir Çiçeği cave point to civilization on the peninsula as far back as 5,000 years ago.

There are signs that the Lelegs and Kars lived in the area together. However, after the occupation of Anatolia by the Persians, a Carian (of the Kar) city was founded in the region of Caria, but kept under Persian control.  The Carian people are mentioned in many historical documents as one of the seagoing races and in 480 B.C. Artemisia I, a famous Carian ruler, fought at sea with the Persians against the Greeks, becoming the first female admiral in the world. The historian Herodotus tells the story of this female hero, his compatriot, at length. The Carians, who had proved themselves many times at sea, gained new importance when the satrap Maussolus moved their capital from Milas to Bodrum in 367 B.C. The most brilliant period of Halikarnassos was under the rule of Maussolus and his sister and wife Artemisia II. The Mausoleum built during this period is today considered one of the seven wonders of the ancient world. This memorial tomb is not the only legacy of Maussolus's reign. The city was developed in a manner fitting to the seat of government, and the theatre still in use today is one example of this.  After the death of Maussolus, the Carians won a new victory under their new female leader, conquering the island of Rhodes in 353 B.C.

As in ancient Egypt, brother and sister married each other.  Like Artemisia II and Maussolus, Queen Ada also married her brother Idrius. She ascended the throne after the death of Idrius, but there was dissent in the family about this and she was banished to Alinda.  She stayed there until Alexander the Great's forces arrived, and only returned to Halicarnassus under the famous commander's protection.

The peninsula put up great resistance to Alexander's army and did not regain its former power following  the occupation, becoming smaller and having frequent changes in rule.  During one period, it was recorded as having been a bishopric connected to Aphrodisias. After Roman and Byzantine rule, it came under the Ottomans in the 11th century.

Rhodes became an important stop for the Crusaders on their way to Jerusalem, and at the beginning of the 15th century they got permission from the Ottoman Empire to build a castle in Bodrum harbour.  The Knights of St. John of Rhodes spent about one hundred years building the Castle of St. Peter (Petrum), known today as Bodrum Castle.  Stones from the Mausoleum, which had been partly ruined by earthquakes and the passage of time, were used in the building of the castle, and some of the marble was melted down to make lime.

The castle was used as a prison during the late Ottoman period, and was bombed by the French in World War I.  From the 1970s, due to the writer and thinker known as the 'Fisherman of Halicarnus', Bodrum became well-known once more and today is one of Turkey's major holiday resorts.

Kaynak: http://www.bodrum.gov.tr

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